Interventional Radiology

Interventional Radiology (IR) is an exciting area of modern medicine delivering precise, targeted treatment for complex diseases and conditions throughout the body.


    Interventional radiology (IR) is an exciting area of modern medicine delivering precise, targeted treatment for complex diseases and conditions throughout the body. CT, fluoroscopy, mammography, MRI or ultrasound is used to guide a small needle or catheter (a narrow tube) for placement. Interventional radiology can be used to diagnose and/or treat many conditions that once required surgery.

    There are many advantages of IR, some being: it is minimally invasive, most procedures can be performed on an outpatient basis, general anaesthesia is usually not required, risk of infection, pain and recovery time are significantly reduced, and procedure cost is much less compared with surgery.


    Specific preparation instructions will depend on the procedure, and your current medications. This is determined by our Interventional Radiologist. If you will be put under general anaesthetic it is important that you do not eat or drink anything for 6 hours before your procedure. Please be sure you clearly understand any pre-procedure instructions of which will be outlined by our bookings staff.


    There are many types of IR, and each procedure varies. Our Radiologist and nurse will explain your procedure to you on the day. Our highly trained staff with be available to answer any questions you may have prior to or after the procedure.


    For some procedures you may be required to arrange transport to and from your appointment. Any post-procedure care will be fully explained at the time of booking.

    The radiologist who performs the interventional procedure will complete a report regarding the procedure and forward to your referring doctor. The results will be sent directly to the referring doctor, and it is very important you book a timely follow-up appointment to discuss the results and effectiveness of the procedure.


    As with most medical procedures there are slight risks involved. The risks involved in Interventional Radiology are dependent upon the procedure you have been referred for, however, the benefits generally outweigh the risks.

Find out more about the services we offer in this area

Please note; not all services are listed below, and not all services are available at every site

Drainage insertion

Under image guidance using ultrasound or CT, a needle or catheter is placed within the chest or abdomen to drain abnormal fluid collection. The patient must remain very still while the fluid is being drained and remain in the department after the procedure for observation.

FNA & core biopsy

Fine needle aspiration (FNA) and core biopsy

Abnormal breast tissue is usually detected by physical examination, ultrasound or mammography. However, imaging tests can’t always differentiate benign lesions from cancer, and so FNA and core biopsy are used to define the true nature of abnormal areas found on ultrasound or mammography.

For FNA a fine needle is inserted under ultrasound or x-ray guidance into the abnormal area, whereby the cells are aspirated for viewing under a microscope. Some solid lesions may benefit from core biopsy. FNA’s and core biopsy’s are carried out by a speciality trained Radiologist, and will we have an expert pathologist onsite during these procedures to ensure an adequate sample has been obtained.

Nerve block

People who suffer acute or chronic spine pain affecting the neck, buttocks, legs or arms might benefit from a nerve block injection to achieve temporary pain relief. A nerve block is used to treat a particular nerve or group of nerves by injecting an anaesthetic or anti-inflammatory agent, which will switch-off pain signals or decrease inflammation. CT or fluoroscopy is used for needle guidance, to ensure the needle is correctly placed to maximise pain relief.

Steroid injection

Steroid injections are used to relieve acute or chronic pain. A combination of hydrocortisone and long-acting local anaesthetic is injected into or around a bursa, joint or nerve depending on the cause of pain. CT, fluoroscopy or ultrasound is used for needle guidance, to ensure the needle is correctly placed to maximise pain relief.


Platelet Rich Plasma Therapy (PRP)

PRP Therapy is an injection that helps speed the body’s natural healing abilities. A small amount of the patients blood is taken and treated to extracted the platelets, which is then injected into the area of concern. A high concentration of platelets carry Platelet Growth Factors and assist with rebooting the repair cycles in certain body issues. PRP can offer an alternative to surgery as many parts of the body can be treated with PRP therapy, common examples include muscle, ligament and tendon tears and damage, injuries to the; shoulder (rotator cuff repair), elbow (tennis elbow), hip (abductors in Trochanteric Bursitis), knee (patellar Tendon, degeneration and Osteoarthritis) and ankle and foot (Achilles Tendon and Plantar Fasciitis).

PRP Injections are delivered by one of our specially trained Radiologists, and is carried out using Ultrasound or X-ray.

Usually 2 or more injections are required several weeks apart. Patients are encouraged to rest and refrain from any significant activity involving the body part for one week.

Make an appointment online or call our dedicated bookings line